Make your own free website on




Course Overview
Writing Tools
Student Resources
Personal Profile

Alienation (Problems of Assimilation) because of Gender, Race, Class, or Creed:

The following quotes illustrate the topic's ambiguity.  Use these to establish the scope of your topic--to begin to specify the subtopics that verbalize various differing opinions on the same issue--to begin to develop a guide to your reading.

"By alienation is meant a mode of experience in which the person experiences himself as an alien. He has become, one might say, estranged from himself. He does not experience himself as the center of his world, as the creator of his own actsóbut his acts and their consequences have become his masters, whom he obeys, or whom he may even worship. The alienated person is out of touch with himself as he is out of touch with any other person. He, like the others, are experienced as things are experienced; with the senses and with common sense, but at the same time without being related to oneself and to the world outside positively.  Erich Fromm (1900?1980), U.S. psychologist. ěAlienation,î ch. 5, The Sane Society (1955).

"Without alienation, there can be no politics."    Arthur Miller (b. 1915), U.S. dramatist. Marxism Today (London, January 1988).

"Self-alienation is the source of all degradation as well as, on the contrary, the basis of all true elevation. The first step will be a look inward, an isolating contemplation of our self. Whoever remains standing here proceeds only halfway. The second step must be an active look outward, an autonomous, determined observation of the outer world.     [Friedrich Von Hardenberg] (1772?1801), German novelist, philosopher, poet. Blüthenstaub (Pollen), fragment no. 24 (1798).

"Hatred, which could destroy so much, never failed to destroy the man who hated and this was an immutable law.   James Baldwin

"Hatred does not cease by hatred, but only by love; this is the eternal rule."    Buddha

"Hatred is the madness of the heart."    Lord Byron

"Hatred is by far the longest pleasure;
"Men love in haste, but they detest at leisure."    Lord Byron

"Hatred is like fire -- it makes even light rubbish deadly."    George Eliot

"A good indignation brings out all one's powers."    Ralph Waldo Emerson

"National hatred is something peculiar. You will always find it strongest and most violent where there is the lowest degree of culture. "    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

"If you hate a person, you hate something in him that is part of yourself. What isn't part of ourselves doesn't disturb us. "    Herman Hesse

"Don't hate, it's too big a burden to bear."    Martin Luther King, Sr.

"A man who lives, not by what he loves but what he hates, is a sick man."    Archibald MacLeish

"Like the greatest virtue and the worst dogs, the fiercest hatred is silent."    Jean Paul Richter

"Few people can be happy unless they hate some other person, nation, or creed."    Bertrand Russel

"I shall never permit myself to stoop so low as to hate any man."    Booker T. Washington

"You cannot hate other people without hating your self."    Oprah Winfrey

"Hate is not a good counselor."    Victoria Wolff

Andrews, Charles M.  The Colonial Background of the American Revolution.                  South Braintree, MA:      Alpine Press, 1977.
Baldwin, James. "Stranger in the Village."  The Oxford Book of Essays.  Ed.                 John Gross.  Oxford:  Oxfor University Press, 1991.  Pages 621-638.
Brown, John.  "To Free the Slaves."  American Short Speeches.  Ed.  Bowen                 Aly.  New York, NY:  MacMillan Company, 1968.  Pages 22-27.
Cather, Wila.  My Antonia.
Chopin, Kate.  The Awakening.
Cleaver, Eldridge.  "The Flashlight."  The Best American Short Stories 1983.                  Ed. Anne Tyler.  Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1983. 
_ _ _ "The Grave by the Handpost" (short story)
_ _ _ "The Oxen" . . ."The Man He Killed". . . "Ah,  Are You Digging on My       Grave" . . ."Hap"  (Poems)
De Crevecoeur, J. Hector St John.  Letters from an American Farmer.
Downs, Hugh.  "Left-Handedness." Perspectives.  Atlanta, GA:  Turner                     Publishing, 1995.  Pages 219-237.
DuBois, W. E. B.  The Souls of Black Folk.  New York, NY:  Dodd Mead                 Company, Inc., 1961.
Ellison, Ralph.  The Invisible Man.
Fraser, Antonia.  The Warrior Queens.  New York:  Random House, Inc., 1988.
Golding, William.  Lord of the Flies.
Gingrich, Newt.  "Lessons on Race." Representative American Speeches                 1997-1998.  Eds.  Calvin M. Logue and Jean DeHart.  NY:  The HW                Wilson Company, 1991.  Pages 85-94.
Gore, Albert, Jr.  "Remembering the Holocaust." Representative American                 Speeches 1993-1994.  Vol. 66.  Ed. Owen Peterson.  NY:  The HW                 Wilson Company, 1991.  Pages 82-87.
_ _ _   "Understanding and Empathy." Representative American Speeches                 1997-1998.  Eds.  Calvin M. Logue and Jean DeHart.  NY:  The HW                 Wilson Company, 1991.  Pages 95-102.
Greene, Graham. The Power and the Glory.
Hamilton, Alexander . The Federalist Papers.
Hamlin, Garland.  A Son of a Middle Border.  New York, NY:  The MacMillan                Company, 1968.
Hurston, Zora Neale.  Their Eyes Were Watching God.
Kennedy, Edward.  "The Issue of Prejudice." Representative American                     Speeches 1997-1998.  Eds.  Calvin M. Logue and Jean DeHart.  NY:                     The HW Wilson Company, 1998.  Pages 47-55.
Kennedy, Robert.  "A Tiny Ripple of Hope."  Twentieth Century Speeches.  Ed.                 Brian McArthur.  New York, NY:
King, Martin Luther.  Why We Can't Wait.
_ _ _    "There Comes a Time When the People Get Tired."  Twentieth                    Century Speeches.  Ed. Brian McArthur.
               New York, NY:  Penguin Book Company, 1992.  Pages 341-347.
Kogawa, Joy.  Obasan.
Laurence, Margaret.  The Diviners.
Lerner, Gerda.  The Majority Finds Its Past:  Placing Women in History.                      Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1979.
Lewis, David.  W. E. B. DuBois:  Biography of a Race.  New York:  Henry,                    Holt, and Co., 1993.
Mandela, Nelson.  "An Ideal For Which I am Prepared to Die."  Twentieth                    Century Speeches.  Ed. Brian McArthur. New York, NY:  Penguin                    Book Company, 1992.  Pages 341-347.
Mailer, Noran.  Armies of the Night.
McCourt, Frank.  Angela's Ashes.  New York:  Scribner, 1996.
McPhearson, James M.  Marching Towards Bethlehem.
Momaday, N. Scott.  House Made of Dawn.
Morrison, Toni.  The Bluest Eye.
Oates, Joyce Carol.  "First Views of the Enemy."  The Best American Short                     Stories 1973.  Ed. Martha Foley. Boston, MA:  Houghton Mifflin                     Company, 1973.  Pages 259-270.
Okada, John.  No-No Boy.
O'Connor, Flannery.  Wise Blood.
Ozick, Cynthia.  "The Dock Witch."  The Best American Short Stories 1972.                  Ed. Martha Foley.  Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1972.
Parkman, Francis.  The Oregon Trail.  Philadelphia:  The John C. Winston                Company, 1931.
Reno, Janet.  "Combating Discrimination." Representative American                     Speeches 1997-1998.Representative American                     Speeches 1997-1998.  Eds.  Calvin M. Logue and Jean DeHart.  NY:                      The HW Wilson Company, 1998.  Pages 71-84.
Tan, Amy.  The Joy Luck Club.
Thoreau, Henry David. Walden and Civil Disobedience.  New York:  New                     American Library, 1980.
Toqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America.  New York, NY:  Doubleday and                     Company, 1969.
Twain, Mark.  The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
_ _ _   "Disgraceful Perscution of a Boy." The Complete Essays of Mark Twain.  Ed.  Charles Neider.  Garden City, NY:  Doubleday and Company, Inc.,                 1963.  Pages 7-10.
Valdez, Luis.  Zoot Suit.
Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr. Cat's Cradle (1963) and Slaughterhouse Five (1969)
Welch, James.  Winter in the Blood.
Woolf, Virginia.  A Room of One's Own.  New York, NY:  Harcourt Brace                     Jovanovich, 1929.
Wright, Richard.  Native Son.